All acronyms are listed alphabetically. If the acronym has a pronunciation it will be immediately after the acronym in brackets.
AICP American Institute of Certified Planners: The APA verifies planner qualifications through diploma and work experience as well as a test.
APA American Planning Association: A national professional organization representing the fields of urban, rural, regional, transportation, environmental, etc., planners.
BANANA (banana) Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything: Persons who want the area they live in to be stagnant and have no growth.
BMP Best Management Practices: Often stated when talking about construction when talking about preventing runoff and prevention of material waste.
BZA Board of Zoning Appeals: The committee within a planning commission which reviews variances, conditional use permits, and administrative appeals.
CAVEman (caveman) Citizen against virtually everything: Persons against any type of development. See BANANAs.
CC&R Covenants, Conditions, & Restrictions: Sometimes called bylaws, these are the restrictions built into the deeds of all lots. These are enforced by HOAs. See HOA.
CUP Conditional Use Permit: A permit for uses which can be conditionally approved within a district, ie. Dog Parks are a Conditional Use within the R-1 zoning district.
DOH Dept. of Highways: The department which takes care of the majority of the roads in West Virginia. See Question 11 for more information.
EPA Environmental Protection Agency: This is an agency of the federal government. Their regulations sometimes affect land use law, ie. Projects adjacent to waterways must get an NPDES permit prior to construction. See NPDES.
FAST (fast) Fixing America’s Surface Transportation: A federal Act funding federal surface transportation spending (Public Law 114-94, enacted 12-4-2015) as a five year bill. See MAP-21.
FAR Floor Area Ratio: The ratio of a building’s total floor area to the size of piece of land on which it is built (building area ÷ lot area), ie. The C-2 district has a maximum FAR of 50% so a lot of 20,000 sq. ft. can have up to 10,000 sq. ft. of floor area.
FEMA (fee-ma) Federal Emergency Management Agency: This is an agency of the federal government which responds to large scale disasters within the USA. They also do disaster mitigation, preparedness, recovery and education.
FIRM (firm) Flood Insurance Rate Map: The official map of a community on which FEMA has delineated special hazard areas and risk premium zones for flooding, applicable to the community.
GFA Gross Floor Area: The total area within the building measured to the external face of the external walls.
GIS Geographic Information Systems: A system designed to store, use, and present spatial or geographic data. Mon County uses GIS for flood, parcel, address, etc. data.
HOA Home Owners’ Association: A quasi-governmental group permitted under WV §36B which helps to maintain community property within a subdivision, such as roads or utilities. See Question 14 for more information.
IBC International Building Code: A model building code developed by the International Code Council. It is the base code standard for construction within most of the USA. West Virginia’s building code follows this standard. The IBC is used in 11 other countries besides the USA.
LOS Level of Service: A measurement related to the quality of traffic service by categorization of traffic flow. Roads have a level of A though F, A being free flow, and F being traffic jam conditions.
LULU (lou-lou) Locally Unacceptable Land Use: These are land uses persons do not want to see in their area, ie. Intensive/Industrial Farming, Adult Entertainment, or Landfills. Similar to NIMBYs.
LUP Land Use Permit: The MCPCs most basic permit, required for all development within the zoned areas of the county.
MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century: A federal Act funding federal surface transportation spending (Public Law 112-141, enacted 7-6-2012) as a two year bill. See FAST.
MCPC Mon County Planning Commission: self-explanatory, it’s who we are and the website you are on is all about it.
(M)DSI (Major) Development of Significant Impact: Developments which can greatly impact utilities and roads, among other things. These developments must be approved by the MCPC.
MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization: Federally mandated transportation policy-making organization required for any urbanized area with a population greater than 50,000. West Virginia has 6 MPOs, one of which is in Morgantown.
NEPA (knee-pa) National Environmental Protection Act: This act requires federal agencies to assess the environmental effects of their proposed actions prior to making decisions.
NIMBY (nim-bee) Not In My Back Yard: Persons who oppose a proposed development because it is close to them, often with the idea that such developments are needed, but should be further away from them, ie. Homeless shelters/halfway houses, landfills, or adult entertainment. Similar to LULUs.
NPDES National Pollution Discharge Elimination System: The Clean Water Act prohibits anybody from discharging pollutants through a point source (ie. construction) into the water unless they have an NPDES Permit. See EPA.
NRCS National Resources Conservation Service: A federal agency under the US Dept. of Agriculture that provides technical assistance to farmers and other private landowners. It helps with soil surveying and classification as well as water quality improvement.
PUD (pud) Planned Unit Development: A type of development which is planned in advance of construction as to the type, number, and placement of all structures within the development.
RLUIPA (r-lou-pea-a) Religious Land Use & Institutionalized Persons Act: A federal law that prohibits burdens on the ability of prisoners to worship as the please and gives religious institutions a way to avoid burdensome zoning law restrictions on their property use.
ROW Right-of-Way: A type of easement granted/reserved over the land for transportation purposes. The right-of-way is reserved for the purposes of maintenance or expansion of existing services within the right-of-way. Private citizens cannot construct structures within the right-of-way.
SALDO (saul-doe) Subdivision & Land Development Ordinance: This ordinance governs the division of lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more pieces. It often includes restrictions on road & utility development, as well as lot size & setback requirements.
SSZEA (sea-za) Standard State Zoning Enabling Act: A model law for US states to enable zoning regulations in their jurisdictions. It was first issued in 1922.
TDR/PDR Transfer or Purchase of Development Rights: In a PDR program a landowner voluntarily sells his development rights to a governmental agency or land trust. In a TDR program a landowner transfers his development rights from one area to another.
TOD Transit-Oriented Development: A type of community development that includes a mixture of housing, office, retail and/or other amenities in a walkable neighborhood and located within a half-mile of public transit.
UBC Uniform Building Code: A building code which outlined rules that specify the standards for construction of structures. It was replaced in 2000 by the IBC. See IBC.